Peru is a place of rich history and culture and it is one of those special places in the world that you absolutely must visit at least once in your life (and hopefully more), especially if you are lucky enough to get the chance to go on a South America Tour. This article will give you just a small snapshot of what Peru has to offer in terms of.
The capital is one of the must visit destinations in Peru, particularly due to its rich cultural heritage. Take a walk around Plaza Major, the heart of old Lima and you will be treated to some stunning colonial era buildings, as well as major attractions like the Cathedral of Lima, the Basilica of San Francisco, Government Palace and many more. Lima is also home to a huge food culture, that can match almost any other part of South America and features traditional coastal cuisine, as well as world foods.
Machu Picchu and the Inca Trail
There is no question that Machu Picchu is the place to visit in South America and there are so many good reasons to do so. Hiking the Inca Trail to get there is the best way to experience not only Machu Picchu, but also the surrounding area, which includes a vast network of Inca sites for you to enjoy. The trail is just over 40 km in length, while this may not sound like a long hike (especially over 4 days), the reality is that the high altitude and the up and down terrain will provide a nice challenge for the experienced hiker. Upon completing the hike and seeing the snowy peaks, cloud forests and rugged landscape of the Inca Trail, Machu Picchu is there to greet you.
Cusco is a marriage of the past and the present and was actually the historic capital of the Inca Empire between the 13th and 16th century. Cusco is very close to Machu Picchu and is the perfect place to explore before heading off the the “lost city” of Peru. We mentioned above that this city marries the past and present and this is particularly evident in the architecture, especially given the old Inca constructions, such as the city walls. These walls were simply enhanced by the invading Spanish and built upon, giving the buildings a unique mix of both cultures. There are a wealth of other Inca sites nearby that you can also visit.
Lake Titicaca is situated between Bolivia and Peru and by volume is the largest lake in all of South America. It sits at a very high altitude of around 3800 metres and is home to many species of birds and aquatic wildlife. Boat travel is the best way to explore this huge lake and presents the opportunity to see some of many islands within the lake. There are also a number of hiking and historical places that dot the banks of the lake.